Citizen Densification

Research project 2021–2023


Gothenburg Research Institute GRI

University of Gothenburg
Sweden


Funder: Formas

Citizen Participation in Densification Projects

A model for how residents can influence urban development in the early stages of the planning of large-scale densification projects

The research project will develop a working model for how residents can influence urban development in the early stages when large-scale densification projects are planned. A neighbourhood from the 1960s and 70s is chosen as case study because these areas are potential densification objects. The project is carried out in three work packages. WP1 develops and applies a tool for how residents can describe qualities and problems in their area, suggest places in need of densification and what kind of new housing or public functions these places need, as well as find forms of democratic decision-making when residents prioritize places. The tool is applied in a neighborhood interesting from a densification perspective (Hjällbo). The work is based on previous studies in Hammarkullen with the tool Maptionnaire. WP2 forms and applies a method for resident-driven shaping of design criteria for public space, thus places that residents in WP1 consider to be most important to transform from a local perspective. WP3 finds a strategy to communicate the proposals with decisions owners and conducting dialogue about them. The result of the project will be a concrete proposal for how residents can influence urban development in the early stages, and how collaborations between academia, civil society and municipalities through Civil Society Public Partnerships (CSPP) can develop democratic systems for the influence of residents.

Participants

Jenny Stenberg, Project Coordinator, Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg jenny.stenberg@gu.se
Jaan-Henrik Kain, Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg jaan-henrik.kain@gu.se
Marco Adelfio, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Chalmers University of Tecnology adelfio@chalmers.se
Jesper Bryngelsson, Swedish Union of Tenants jesper.bryngelsson@hyresgastforeningen.se
Henrik Nilsson, Swedish Union of Tenants henrik.nilsson@hyresgastforeningen.se
My Welther, Swedish Union of Tenants my.welther@hyresgastforeningen.se

Work Packages

WP1: Develop and apply a tool for residents to describe, propose and prioritize urban interventions
 
The tool should allow residents to describe qualities and problems in their area, suggest places in need of improvement through densification, propose what type of new buildings and/or public functions that the area needs, and finally prioritize between these places based on which ones are the most important to improve from the residents’ perspective. 
 
 
WP2: Develop and apply a method for the shaping of design criteria for public space 
 
A method will be developed for resident-driven shaping of design criteria for the places that residents consider to be most important to transform from a local perspective. Design criteria should solve the problems and strengthen the functions and qualities identified by residents in WP1. They should also consider the municipal goals defined in the city’s policy documents, hence contributing to the transition to socially and environmentally sustainable cities and neighbourhoods. 
 
WP3: Find a strategy to communicate the proposals with decisions owners
 
The developed crowdsourcing tool (WP1) and design criteria method (WP2) should both support residents to access the municipality and other key actors and make themselves understood, but should also support meaningful feedback and dialogue with these actors, for example with city planners.

Time Plan